Teen depression can be caused by a variety of factors, such as medication, abuse, neuro-chemical imbalance, or genetic factors. Learn more about the risk factors for teen depression, its symptoms and how to overcome it.
Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.webmd.com
Sometimes, being a teenager can come with lots of baggage. First, there are physical and neuro-chemical changes in the body and brain that affect behavior. Then there can be hormonal disorders and emotional instability (mood swings). Most importantly, when there is constant sadness, feelings of worthlessness or suicidal thoughts over a lengthy period of time, then there is a need to seek help from a trusted adult or a health professional.
Depression can occur from early childhood or preteen years to early or mid-20’s, with discernible symptoms in the teen years and early 20’s. According to MedicineNet, “Depression occurs at a rate…from 4-7% during adolescences… [and] about 20% of adolescents [are affected by depression] by the time they reach adulthood.”
What is depression?
Depression is mood disorder that affects one’s daily activities, behavior, emotions and general outlook on life. Sometimes, it is associated with substance abuse, mental disorders and other health challenges.
Why teen depression?
Teen depression is caused by a number of risk factors which could be biological, emotional, environmental, genetic or social. Some of them include:
- A decreased level of serotonin in the brain plus norepinephrine imbalance
- Physical, emotional, or sexual abuse
- Certain medications like isotretinoin and corticosteroids
- A history of depression in the family
- Low self-esteem
- Being a victim of bullying
- Death of a loved one, divorce and so on
What do the symptoms of teen depression look like?
- Change in attitudes and behavior
- Withdrawal from friends and family
- Disinterest and fatigue
- Poor Concentration
- Anxiety and panic
- Suicidal thoughts
Overcoming teen depression
A variety of psychological tests and interviews can be conducted by healthcare professionals to determine if a teen has depression or not. Based on the results of the tests, treatment is recommended. Several methods of treatments include psychotherapy, use of medications, family therapy (if family disagreements contribute to the teens depression). It is important to note that the FDA warns against the use of antidepressants as they can increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and psychotic behavior in children and adolescents. WebMD therefore advises close observation and monitoring by the treating doctor for younger patients using antidepressants. For more details and to learn more about how to treat depression in teens, visit the WebMD website.
Girl Pow-R is all about building strength, confidence, resilience, and positivity in girls and women. In doing so, we believe we can combat teen depression and, therefore, decrease the accompanying risks like suicide and self-harm. For more information, visit us at HERE or contact info(at)girlpow-r.com.